TURKEY

EXPORT OVERVIEW

Export Overview comprises information regarding the national exports of tobacco leaf

IN THE WORLD

3%

Percentage that the country represents in the international tobacco leaf trade (Source: calculated from data from FAO)

PRODUCTION OUTLOOK

Types of tobacco leaf grown in 2017 (Source: ITGA): Flue Cured Virginia , Burley and Oriental

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

PEOPLE INVOLVED IN TOBACCO

Employment numbers of the tobacco leaf value chain in 2017 (Source: ITGA): Growers: 56 000; Workers: 135 000; People whose livelihood depends on tobacco: 400 000

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

KEY INSIGHTS

Key statistics of the tobacco leaf production in the country

95

AREA

Thousand Hectares (2017), Source: FAO

80

PRODUCTION

Thousand Tons (2017), Source: FAO

1.7

AREA/GROWER

Hectares per Grower (2017), Source: Calculated from FAO

383

EXPORT VALUE

Million US$ (2018), Source: UN Comtrade

319

PRODUCTION VALUE

Million US$ (2016); Source: FAO

842

YIELD

kg per Hectare (2017), Source: FAO

3,364

REVENUE/HA

US$ per Hectare (2017), Source: Calculated from FAO

TOBACCO IN TURKEY

Brief contextualisation of the importance of Tobacco in Turkey

57%

ORIENTAL

Turkey’s share of the global Oriental Leaf production
T

obacco History in Turkey goes all the way back to the early 17th century as a result of trade with foreign merchants. The country is known for the birth of cigarettes, when, in the 19th century, soldiers, who used tobacco to boost morale, wrapped the leaves in the paper tubes they were using for gunpowder. Tobacco production has an important role in the country’s economy, specially in the Aegean region of Turkey. One of the varieties of tobacco called Oriental is also referred to as Turkish, due to the country being the largest producer of this type of tobacco. The Turkish Government received over US$ 11 billion in revenue from the tobacco industry, through excise duty and sales tax. Tobacco remains one of the major income streams for the national treasury.

Sources: Tobacco and Nicotine database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Scientific Tobacco Institute of Prilep and ITGA.

TURKEY IS THE LARGEST PRODUCER OF ORIENTAL TOBACCO

EXPORT PARTNERS

This section aims at identifying the most important commercial partners in terms of Value and Quantity (Source: Calculated from data from UN Comtrade)

  • USA 41%

  • BELGIUM 22%

  • INDONESIA 8%

  • RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2%

  • BRAZIL 2%

  • OTHERS 25%

  • USA 36%

  • BELGIUM 22%

  • INDONESIA 8%

  • RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4%

  • MALAYSIA 3%

  • OTHERS 27%

                                    VALUE (2018)                                                                                                          QUANTITY (2018)